Ownership Options

Choosing the right business structure in construction depends on many factors, including financial needs, risk tolerance, and long-term business goals. Consulting with a business advisor or attorney can ensure your choice aligns with your objectives.


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Pros: The owner maintains complete control and decision-making power over the business. The startup process is typically simple and inexpensive. Any profits earned are exclusive to the owner.


Cons: The owner is personally responsible for any debts or liabilities, including construction errors or accidents. It may also be challenging to secure business financing or investors.
Pros: A partnership agreement allows for shared financial commitment and varied expertise, contributing to potentially higher earning power.
  • Business earnings are shared between partners, pro rata to their ownership percentages.
  • Business losses are shared between partners, reducing individual risk.
Cons: Partners may disagree about key decisions, causing internal conflicts. Each partner is personally accountable for the business’s financial obligations, including the actions of their partners.
Pros: LLCs combine the advantages of corporations and partnerships. Owners are protected from personal liability for business debts or lawsuits, beneficial in the construction industry where risks run high.


Cons: Some states impose additional taxes on LLCs. The setup and ongoing paperwork for an LLC are often more complex than for sole proprietorships or partnerships.
Pros: The business entity is separate from its owners, offering protection against personal liability. It can raise capital through the sale of stocks, attractive to potential investors.


Cons: Corporations require substantial time, effort, and money to establish and maintain. They’re subject to more regulations and higher taxes, and possible double taxation on profits and dividends.
Pros: S Corporations avoid double taxation experienced by regular corporations. Profits and some losses are declared on their personal income taxes. It offers investment opportunities and liability protection.


Cons: S Corporations are subject to more scrutiny and regulation by the IRS. They must also meet specific criteria, including a limit on the number of shareholders, who must be U.S. citizens or residents.
Pros: In a cooperative, members are the owners, customers, and operators, so they split profits. Their democratic structure offers each member an equal vote in decisions.


Cons: Cooperatives can have slower decision-making processes because each member gets a vote. They may also struggle to raise capital as investors may avoid businesses where they do not have a direct say in operations.